eTekkatho

eTekkatho logo - Myanmar language version

Educational resources for the Myanmar academic community

eTekkatho Subject Coverage

Core subjects definitions

Items in the eTekkatho library are assigned to one or more subject headings and sub-headings. The table below shows you how each subject is defined. These definitions are designed to help you explore the library and find the resources you need. You can click on the subject heading to drill down through the sub-headings to the individual resources.

As we continue to build the eTekkatho library, the coverage within each of these subject headings will increase and additional sub-headings may be added. Coverage exists for all the subject areas shown below.

Subjects and their definitions by subject area for core subjects.
Subject heading Sub-heading Definition
Education Educational assessment Measurement and documentation of knowledge, skills, attitudes and beliefs within the educational setting
Educational policy Rules and guidelines for educational systems, educational standards, school inspections and the effectiveness of educational policy
Educational technology Use of technology in the classroom, elearning, learning technology and its educational applications
Educational theory Theories of teaching and learning, styles of knowledge acquisition, the effectiveness of teaching strategies and educational philosophies
Teacher training Resources related to initial teacher trainingand continuing professional development
Teaching methods Standards for teachers, approaches to the classroom, teaching and learning methodologies, language and literacy teaching and subject-specific methods and styles
Yaung Zin Materials from the Yaung Zin teacher training programme
Earth sciences Climatology * The study of climate including climate systems, climate change, climate records, climate patterns and indices, and climate modelling
Earthquakes and seismology The study of earthquakes and seismic waves including earthquake prediction, effects of earthquakes and types of seismic waves
General earth sciences General geology and earth sciences resources
Hydrology * The study of Earth’s water, its properties and movement, including lakes, rivers, floods, water resources, water quality, the hydrologic cycle, surface water and groundwater
Mineralogy The study of minerals including structure, chemical and physical properties, occurrence, extraction and use
Oceanography * The study of the oceans and their biological, chemical geological and physical features. It includes waves and ocean currents
Petrology The study of rocks including their origins, composition and structure
Remote sensing and GIS * Recording information about the Earth’s surface by non-contact methods and systems for storing and manipulating geographical information. Includes information about techniques, instrumentation and applications
Volcanoes The study of volcanoes and related phenomena including volcano monitoring and the effects of volcanic eruptions
Environment Agriculture and the environment Interactions between agriculture and the environment
Climate and the environment Interactions between climate and the environment
Energy and resources Energy provision, consumption and natural resources
Environmental economics The economics of environmental issues
Environmental management and conservation The management of the impact of society on the environment and the preservation of the natural environment. Includes resources on biodiversity
General environment General environmental resources
Waste management Collection, transport, processing, recycling or disposal and monitoring of waste materials
Human geography Development studies Issues of concern to developing countries
Economic geography Factors affecting the distribution of economic activities
Population geography Spatial aspects of population growth and development, including migration
Resources management The allocation and conservation of natural resources
Rural geography The study of rural areas
Urban geography The study of towns
Physical geography Climatology * The study of climate including climate systems, climate change, climate records, climate patterns and indices, and climate modelling
Hydrology * The study of Earth’s water, its properties and movement, including lakes, rivers, floods, water resources, water quality, the hydrologic cycle, surface water and groundwater
Natural hazards and disasters The science of natural phenomena such as earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanoes, and also their effect on the environment and on humankind
Oceanography * The study of the oceans and their biological, chemical geological and physical features. It includes waves and ocean currents
Plate tectonics The structure and movement of the Earth’s crust and associated geologic activity
Remote sensing and GIS * Recording information about the Earth’s surface by non-contact methods (remote sensing) and systems for storing and manipulating geographical information. Includes information about techniques, instrumentation and applications
Research tools and methods Data resources Collections of statistics and data (primarily relating to the study of geography and the environment)
Quantitative methods Numerically-based research methods using statistical and mathematical techniques. Research methods such as interviews and questionnaires
South East Asia and related country studies Myanmar Resources covering aspects of the geography of the country of Myanmar
Bangladesh Resources covering aspects of the geography of the country of Bangladesh
Brunei Resources covering aspects of the geography of the country of Brunei
Cambodia Resources covering aspects of the geography of the country of Cambodia
China Resources covering aspects of the geography of the country of China
India Resources covering aspects of the geography of the country of India
Indonesia Resources covering aspects of the geography of the country of Indonesia
Laos Resources covering aspects of the geography of the country of Laos
Malaysia Resources covering aspects of the geography of the country of Malaysia
Philippines Resources covering aspects of the geography of the country of the Philippines
Singapore Resources covering aspects of the geography of the country of Singapore
Thailand Resources covering aspects of the geography of the country of Thailand
Vietnam Resources covering aspects of the geography of the country of Vietnam

Supporting subjects

Subjects and their definitions by subject area for supporting subjects.
Subject heading Sub-heading Definition
Computing and IT Basic computer literacy Files and folders, sending and receiving emails, word processing, spreadsheets, databases etc
Using search engines and evaluating web resources Internet literacy, resource discovery and security
English language Dictionaries Subject dictionaries/glossaries and English/Burmese dictionaries
English as a foreign language (EFL) Resources on teaching English to non-native speakers and resources designed for students of English as a foreign language
Mathematics Algebra and number theory Elementary algebra; linear algebra; abstract algebra; number theory; category theory; K-theory; homological algebra; modular arithmetic
Analysis Real analysis; complex analysis; numerical analysis; integral transforms; signal analysis; functional analysis; harmonic analysis; global analysis
Applied mathematics Mathematical physics; mathematical economics; mathematical biology; mathematics for business; engineering mathematics; mathematical sociology; mathematics for social sciences; mathematics for computer science; mathematics for humanities; consumer mathematics
Calculus Single variable calculus; several variable calculus; advanced calculus; tensor calculus; calculus of variations; operational calculus
Differential and difference equations Ordinary differential equations; partial differential equations; difference equations; dynamical systems
Discrete mathematics Cellular automata; combinatorics; game theory; algorithms; recursion; graph theory; linear programming; order and lattices; theory of computation; chaos
General mathematics Introductory level mathematics, nature of mathematics, mathematical notation and use of calculators
Geometry and topology Elementary geometry; geometric proof; plane geometry; solid geometry; analytic geometry; projective geometry; differential geometry; topology; trigonometry; fractal geometry
Logic and foundations Logic; set theory; computability and decidability; model theory
Numbers and computation Number concepts; arithmetic; patterns and sequences; measurement
Statistics and probability Data collection; data summary and presentation; statistical inference and techniques; probability

Items marked with an asterisk (*) are included in both Earth sciences and Physical geography.

eTekkatho hotspots

Local versions of the eTekkatho digital library have been set up at the following institutions in Myanmar:

  • Kalay University
  • Loikaw University
  • Taunggyi University
  • Pathein University
  • Yadanabon University
  • West Yangon University
  • British Council, Yangon
  • British Council, Mandalay
  • National Library, Nay Pyi Taw
  • Yangon University
  • Dagon University
  • Mandalay University
  • Myitkyina University
  • University of Distance Education, Yangon
  • University of Medicine, Taunggyi
  • Myanmar Environment Institute
  • Phaung Daw Oo, Mandalay
  • Brahmaso Library, Mandalay

If you are on campus at these institutions, you can access the eTekkatho library over the local area network or from a terminal in the library building. In addition to the online version of the library, all of these local installations also include Special Collections resources from the University of Manchester open online course materials, Wikipedia in English and Myanmar, Fuse School videos, Khan Academy training videos, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) OpenCourseWare and Yaung Zin teacher training materials.